Countries around the world are keen on promoting innovation to achieve sustainable
human development. In this context, they compete to benefit from space exploration.
Currently, the space contains thousands of satellites of which 700 satellites are
owned by sixty countries.
However, the States active in space exploration do not exceed thirty.
Space law has been a subject of debate since the entry into force of the United Nations
Outer Space Treaty in 1967, which 107 States have already joined, to which 103 States
have joined and which was followed by four United Nations conventions between 1968
and 1979. There are also a number of international organizations dealing with space
laws, such as the International Telecommunications Union, in addition to a number
of regional organizations, such as the European Center for Space Law. Although a
large number of laws, law proposals and non-binding instruments exist, States still
need to enforce and harmonize the laws of space.
Space laws are of special nature because they are multifaceted: they touch upon issues
of political, military, civil, environmental and commercial nature. Space laws are
also related to other fields of law, such as: public international law, law of the
sea, maritime law and air law, and communications laws.
Despite the sovereign aspect of space laws, the private sector and companies have
expressed their desire to explore the space and take advantage of its available commercial
opportunities, especially with respect to satellites, although their activities are
governed by national laws.
Based on those considerations, and since the Government of the United Arab Emirates
places significant attention on its space programs, based on a long-term vision for
undertaking various activities in outer space, the UAEU College of Law has devoted
its twenty-sixth Annual International Conference to this subject. The primary goal
of the Conference is to discuss the legal system that governs space activities, at
both the national and international law levels, and to tackle the legal issues arising
from these activities.